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Armenia-Azerbaijan clashes: What it means for India

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Worst clashes have broken out between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh – a remnant of Soviet legacy. Armenia is a Christian Majority Country while Azerbaijan is primarily dominated by Turk Muslims. The main cause for this decades long conflict is Nagorno-Karabakh, a is internationally recognized part of Azerbaijan but has ethnic Armenian a majority. Global reactions have been pouring in and most of the Muslim majority country have supported Azerbaijan while few countries openly supported Armenia including Russia and rest are maintaining a safe distance. 

As far as India is concerned, we have a good ties with both Armenia and Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is crucial for India’s connectivity from Mumbai to Chabahar to Moscow while Armenia is a arms exporter from India. 

In 2018, the then Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj had visited the fire temple in Baku. The temple was once used by Hindu and Zoroastrian communities, probably by visiting merchants from India as a place of worship.

 

Facts about Armenia & Azerbaijan:

  • Armenia Population: 30 Lakh (Christian Country)

  • Azerbaijan Population: Approx. 1 Crore ((Muslim Majority Country)

  • Armenia got independence from the Soviet Union through a referendum to proclaim independence from the soviet union. 

  • Azerbaijan was an independent Nation from 1918 to 1920 but incorporated into the Soviet  Union. Azerbaijan declared independence on August 30, 1991.

  • Both the countries were a part of the USSR

  • NAGORNO KARABAKH: Following the breakdown of the USSR both Armenia and Azerbaijan claiming the strategic territory called Nagorno Karabakh and lasted till 1994 when Russia mediated a ceasefire between Armenia and Azerbaijan. But the violation is going on from both the side for the last three decade.

    Since 2018 Azerbaijan deployed its Military near the order of Armenia close to Georgia. 

  • Area of Nagorno Karabakh: 4,400 Sq. Km

  • Inhabited by Christian Armenian and Turk Muslims

  • It is an internationally recognised part of Azerbaijan but the majority of the population is Armenian Christian

International Response:

  • OIC (Organisation of Islamic Corporation) supports Azerbaijan

  • Pakistan Supports Azerbaijan

  • Turkey supports Azerbaijan

  • Russia Supports Armenia

  • The USA asked both the countries to maintain peace in the region.

  • India yet not released an official statement. 

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